AskDefine | Define Manchu

Dictionary Definition

Manchu

Noun

1 a member of the Manchu speaking people of Mongolian race of Manchuria; related to the Tungus; conquered China in the 17th century
2 the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu [syn: Qing, Qing dynasty, Ch'ing, Ch'ing dynasty, Manchu dynasty]
3 the Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu people

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

Manchu (Manchus)
  1. The indigenous language spoken in Manchuria.
  2. A person belonging to the indigenous people in Manchuria

Translations

language
person

Adjective

Manchu
  1. Referring to the Manchus; Manchurian

Translations

referring to the Manchus; Manchurian

External links

Extensive Definition

The Manchu people (Manchu: The traditional Manchu dwellings were made up of three quarters. In the center of the house was the kitchen while the wings contained the dormitory and the living room. The unique Manchu tradition did not allow people to die on nahan (|}

Founding of the Qing Dynasty

In 1616 a Manchu leader, Nurhaci (1559-1626) broke away from the power of the decaying Ming Dynasty and established the Later Jin Dynasty (後金 Hòu Jīn) / Amaga Aisin Gurun (! Name ! Chinese ! pinyin ! Designated minority ! Local name ! Capital |- | rowspan="4"|Hebei | rowspan="3"|Chengde | Fengning Manchu Autonomous County | 豊寧滿族自治縣 (T) 丰宁满族自治县 (S) | Fēngníng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | rowspan="3"|Manchu | Fengning Manju Zijysiyan | Daming |- | Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County | 寛城滿族自治縣 (T) 宽城满族自治县 (S) | Kuānchéng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Kuwanceng Manju Zijysiyan | Kuancheng |- | Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County | 青龍滿族自治縣 (T) 青龙满族自治县 (S) | Qīnglóng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Cinglung Manju Zijysiyan | Qinglong |- | Qinhuangdao | Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County | 圍場滿族蒙古族自治縣 (T) 围场满族蒙古族自治县 (S) | Wéichǎng Mǎnzú Měnggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn | Manchu and Mongol | ? | Waichang Town |- | rowspan="1"|Jilin | Siping | Yitong Manchu Autonomous County | 伊通滿族自治縣 (T) 伊通满族自治县 (S) | Yītōng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | rowspan="7"|Manchu | Itung Manju Zijysiyan | Yitong Town |- | rowspan="6"|Liaoning | rowspan="2"|Fushun | Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County | 新賓滿族自治縣 (T) 新宾满族自治县 (S) | Xīnbīn Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Sinbin Manju Zijysiyan | Xinbin Town |- | Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County | 清原滿族自治縣 (T) 清原满族自治县 (S) | Qīngyuán Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Cingyuwan Manju Zijysiyan | Qingyuan Town |- | rowspan="2"|Benxi | Benxi Manchu Autonomous County | 本溪滿族自治縣 (T) 本溪满族自治县 (S) | Běnxī Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | | Xiaoshi Town |- | Huanren Manchu Autonomous County | 桓仁滿族自治縣 (T) 桓仁满族自治县 (S) | Huánrén Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Huwanren Manju Zijysiyan | Huanren Town |- | Anshan | Xiuyan Manchu Autonomous County | 岫岩滿族自治縣 (T) 岫岩满族自治县 (S) | Xiùyán Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | ? | Xiuyan Town |- | Dandong | Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County | 寛甸滿族自治縣 (T) 宽甸满族自治县 (S) | Kuāndiàn Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn | Kuwandiyan Manju Zijysiyan | Kuandian Town |}

See also

Famous Manchu

Notes

Manchu in Czech: Mandžuové
Manchu in German: Mandschu
Manchu in Spanish: Manchú
Manchu in French: Mandchous
Manchu in Korean: 만주족
Manchu in Indonesian: Suku Manchu
Manchu in Italian: Manciù
Manchu in Lithuanian: Mandžiūrai
Manchu in Hungarian: Mandzsuk
Manchu in Mongolian: Манж үндэстэн
Manchu in Dutch: Mantsjoes
Manchu in Japanese: 満州民族
Manchu in Norwegian: Mandsjuer
Manchu in Polish: Mandżurowie
Manchu in Portuguese: Manchu
Manchu in Russian: Маньчжуры
Manchu in Simple English: Manchu
Manchu in Serbian: Mandžurci
Manchu in Serbo-Croatian: Mandžurci
Manchu in Finnish: Mantšut
Manchu in Swedish: Manchuer
Manchu in Tamil: மஞ்சு இனக்குழு
Manchu in Turkish: Mançular
Manchu in Chinese: 满族
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